Welcome to the final installation of the introduction to WordPress series. In this final post we will be going over the settings options in the WordPress menu. The settings option is where you will control a lot of how your WordPress installation will function and knowing what these settings do is crucial. Don’t worry though if you did change an option an it didn’t turn out as you had hoped you can always change it back.
The general settings page is where you would enter a lot of the basic information about your site such as the title and the tagline. The title is what normally will show up in your title tag of your website which is then followed by the tagline which you will see in the browser tab of your website. WordPress URL and Site URL generally are the exact same thing and are automatically generated for you based on the directory where your site has been installed. I would not recommend changing these values unless you know what you are doing with your install.
Email address is for administrative purposes such as receiving emails in regards to your site installation. The final settings are rather basic when it comes to the timezones, date format, time format, week start date, and site language. These setting effect how certain plugins and time information are displayed on the front end of your website.
Writing settings control methods of how you can post new content to your site. So the initial defaults are for Categories and Post Formats. Categories are based on the categories that you have setup under your post tab to associate with your specific posts. The post format is the styling that you would want to use for each new post that you add. Now, keep in mind that these are defaults so when you start a new post they will be automatically selected but can be changed.
Post via email will allow you to send a email to an address that you have set and it will automatically be posted to your site. You would need to create an email address and keep it a secret because any email that is sent to this address will be posted to your site. Once you have the email has been setup you would need to enter your mail server information, login name, and password.
The final area of the writing setting is the update services area which each time that you post something new to your site it will ping the source to inform them. To learn more about the options for update services see this link.
Reading is certain aspects of your site will be displayed. By default the front page of your site will show your latest blog posts unless you change it with the front page displays settings. You can choose a static page that you created in the pages tab to be a static page for your front page (Home Page or Landing Page) and your blog page (Post Page). The setting to show blog posts and syndication feed is the number that determines how many posts to show on the blog page and how many syndication items to show in the feed.
The final two items are rather straight forward, the option to show either full text in your blog page or a summary (also known as a excerpt) which is a shortened version of your entire post. The final option determines if you want your site to be indexed by search engines at that time. It is to be noted that not all search engines outside of the big fish will respect this setting.
In the first section of discussion are notification settings. The first setting will attempt to send a notification to any other blog that you link to from your post. The second option is the opposite and will notify you if someone where you link to your site from their post. The last option is a bit more simple as it will allow people to comment on your posts by default. The comment option can be overridden on a post by post basis.
The second section controls the commenting area on your posts. Most of these options are self explanatory, however the nest comments is something to pay attention to. Nested comments are how far you will allow someone to reply to a comment, which would be someone leaving a comment and then someone leaving a reply to that comment and so on. In our blog we only allow for someone to reply to the initial comment.
The next two sections are fairly clear. The email option is to ensure that you are being notified when someone posts a comment to your post and when someone posts a comment that is being held for moderation. When a post is held for moderation that is so that you can make sure that the post is not spam. If you kept the “Akismet” plugin that will help weed out the spam comments. Comments can appear without moderation is you allow them to by disabling the “comment has to be approved” option and “the person must have a previously approved comment” option.
The large text area are for automatic moderation so not ever most needs to be moderated unless they contain keywords. You can set these words in the first text area so that comments containing these words will automatically be held in moderation. The second text area are blacklist words which will automatically delete comments that contain the keywords that your enter here.
The final area is for “Avatar display”, which is the image that will appear next to the persons comment. You can decide if you want them to display at all the and if so the maximum rating of the “Avatar” to display. Avatars are handled thru Gravatar.com and are displayed based on the user email address, this service only works with blogs using the WordPress platform. Finally if someone doesn’t have a “Avatar” set through Gravatar then you can chose the default image to display.
The media section is very straight forward, here you can set the dimensions of the images for various sizes. WordPress will have default sizes entered initially but have the option to set them to best suit your needs. There is an option to determine how your images are saved as well, which by default is by month and year. I would recommend leaving this setting as is since down the road you may try to save an image as the same name as another image in the past.
The final settings option is for your permalinks, which is your URL structure through-out the site. WordPress has default setting that you can choose from and I suggest using the “Post name” structure as it will make your posts easier for Search Engines and humans to understand. If you wanted to get more creative with your link structure here is a link that could help you with that.
The optional section determines how you would like your categories and tags to be displayed in their URL structure. These can mask category or tags as something as simple as topics or conversation.
Well we made to the end of our introduction to WordPress post series. I hope that you found these posts to be both information and helpful. If you have any questions about WordPress that wasn’t covered or your interest in starting a WordPress project feel free to reach out to us.
- Introduction To WordPress! (Part 1)
- Introduction To WordPress! (Part 2)
- Introduction To WordPress! (Part 3)